Health care reform refers to the general custom utilized for major discussions concerning modification of existing health policies or creation of new ones, particularly governmental policies that have an effect on health care delivery services within a given community. Health care reform usually involves the broadening of populations that receive health care coverage by means of either public or private sector insurance policies. Health care reform also involves expansion of manpower in the health care industry to give more options for the consumers. It also aims to improve the access of consumers to health care providers as well as develop the quality of health care provided. The amendment also aims to lower the expenses of health care services so that consumers with lower financial capacities can access it.
In the US, the argument concerning health care reform involves matters of the right to health care and its accessibility. During discussions, authorities also discuss the equality, sustainability, quality and the costs that are spent by the government to continue the said service. The mixed public private sectors health care system in the US is the most costly in the entire world, with health care services costing more per individual than in any other country. Furthermore, a higher percentage of GDP or gross domestic product is invested on it that in any other UN member state excluding East Timor. A report from the international health care spending levels last 2000, which was published in the well-recognized health policy journal Health Affairs, came up with the fact that while the US invests more on health care than any other nation that is a member of OECD or Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development, the benefits of health care services in the country is below the standards of OECD median by most limitations. As concluded by the researchers of the study, the costs paid for health care services are a lot steeper in the US. In spite the budget spent by the US on their health care, reported by Commonwealth Fund last 2008, the US is in the bottom ranks in terms of quality of health care services within developed or first-world countries.